日本三大祭典:穿越千年的祇園祭

Japan's three major festivals: the Gion Festival that travels through the millennium

Gion Festival is one of the three major festivals in Japan. In addition to its scale, its history is quite long. It has a history of more than 1,000 years from AD 869 to the present. At that time, because of the Olu earthquake in the northeast (similar to the 311 earthquake, the scale of the year was estimated to exceed 8.3, and there was also a huge tsunami) and the plague was rampant. In order to calm people's hearts, the imperial court at that time held a royal meeting, and erected 66 spears in Kyoto equal to the number of Japanese countries at that time, symbolizing the transfer of the filth and evil spirits of the whole country to these spears, and then purifying them. In addition, there are other events such as Mikoshi Togo (the mikoshi parade).

Mikoshi tour of the Gion Festival

At that time, the Gion Society of Mount Hiei was in charge of holding this Goryokai, so later this Goryokai became the Gion Festival. The Gion shrine on Mount Hiei later became the current Yasaka Shrine. Therefore, the Gion Festival seen now is held centered on Yasaka Shrine.

The Gion Matsuri is a month-long festival with various events, the most famous of which is the Yamahoko parade. But in the original Gion Festival, there was no Yamahoko, and the Mikoshi Togo (the mikoshi parade) was the focus of the entire festival. The timing of Yamahoko's appearance is no longer available.

Gion Festival Mikoshi

In 1500 AD, the ministers of the shogunate at that time went to ask the old people about the past Gion Festival in order to hold the Gion Festival, which had been suspended for 33 years due to the Onin Rebellion. From the old people, I learned that before the Onin Rebellion, there were 32 mountain hokos in the former festival. , there are 28 after the festival. This is the only historical record of Yamahoko in the Gion Festival.

Gion Festival Yamahoko
Yamahoko Black Lord Mountain

The Gion Matsuri is held in the hot summer, and the month-long giant festival has various activities that need to be attended in the face of the sun. In order to avoid sunburn and damage to your skin during the festival, you need to do sunscreen. All kinds of sunscreen are delivered in Ebisu Japanese Medicine~

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